Lindsay|Dauchy|Wood Type Chronology

 

Since it is impossible to isolate the inter-related and inter-dependent histories of the Lindsays, the Dauchys and the Connecticut1Connecticut [CT] is a US state located southeast of the City of New York. Locations of referenced wood type factories were convenient to the Lindsay and Dauchy offices in the New York financial district. wood-type industry without (crazy!) redundancy, they are combined here for big-picture comprehension. Shared addresses are set in bold type throughout.

Links to Lindsay, Keystone and Dauchy lead to detailed information about the Lindsay|A.W. Lindsay Type Foundries [TFs], the Keystone TF and the Dauchy & Co. Advertisement Agency. Those to Page, Bruce, Conner, Brehmer and Gnichwitz, to associated fonts revived and/or discussed byTHP Chapel forums.

This feature integrates independent research of diverse 19th-century literature with 20th-century monographs and professional papers and with more recent www publications by credible scholars. As always, historians contradict each other—and sometimes, even themselves!

Self-evident address, family and business connections lead to the conclusion that wood-type producer J.G. Cooley contracted the Lindsay TF to produce type from pirated designs for Dauchy & Co. and its predecessors, thereby triggering price wars that nearly destroyed the US metal type industry.

Symbol Key

≤ In or before the year or month cited.
≥ In or after the year or month cited.
± Sometime between the years or months cited.
c In approximately (circa) the year or month cited.
Digital revival produced by THP Partner.
#Other digital revival known at this writing.

Comprehensive Chronology

During the period investigated, there were three Robert Lindsays. (1) Robert-1, founder/managing partner of the Lindsay TF and two nephews: (2) Robert-2, son of James2Saxe, S.O.: The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:8, 1980. and officer of George Bruce’s Son & Co.;3Annenberg , M.; Saxe , S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 82. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE. (3) Robert A., son of John and manager of Lindsay TF in 1902–1903.4Note and Comment In The Typographical Journal 22:129, February 1903.
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  • 1851. James Lindsay is recruited by George Bruce, employed as TF superintendent. Brothers Robert-1, John and George may have traveled to the US with him.5Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 175. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
  • 1852. Brothers Robert-1, John6De Vinne, T.L. (1899-1902): The Practice Of Typography|A Treatise on the Processes of Type-making, the Point System, the Names, Sizes, Styles and Prices of Plain Printing Types (Second Edition), page 105. The Century Co., New York.·7Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 176. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE. and George8Sudden Death of George Lindsay. In The New York Times, 04 December 1902. Lindsay establish Lindsay TF. Cooley purchases the wood type factory of Edwin Allen in South Windam, CT.9Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, pages 39 and 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
  • 1855, February. Cooley hires Page as a wood-type finisher. 10Loy, W.E. (1898–1900): Designers and Engravers of Type. In <ahref=”http://forums.typeheritage.com/topic/inland-printer/”>The Inland Printer</a> 22:259, February1899.
  • c1856. Alexander W. Lindsay immigrates to US, joins brothers at LindsayTF.11Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O.[Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 175. Oak Knoll Press,New Castle, DE.
  • 1856–1859. Page purchases wood-type production equipment of H. & J. Bill (Willimantic, CT), establishes independent wood-type factory, moves it to Greeneville, CT. Partners with James Basset, then with Samuel Mowry as Page & Company.12Loy, W.E. (1898–1900): Designers and Engravers of Type. In <ahref=”http://forums.typeheritage.com/topic/inland-printer/”>The Inland Printer</a> 22:579, February 1899.

T.J. Lyons Collection
Courtesy of Dave Greer

  • 1859. Cooley partners with Robert Lindsay-1.13Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./VanNostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977). They open a printers’ warehouse including wood and metal type at 1 Spruce Street (New York Tribune building)[/note].14Saxe, S.O.(1980): The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History2:14–15·15Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
  • 1859, 01 October. Page issues first(?) specimen book. His type is illustrated in The Typographic Messenger newsletter issued by the Conner TF (New York), which distributes it.
  • c1863. Cooley moves his wood-type business from South Windham, CT to the New York Tribune building. It soon expands to three adjacent buildings plus a fourth across the street.16Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977).
  • 1864. Cooley-Lindsay partnership is dissolved.17Saxe, S.O. (1980): The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:14–15.·18Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
  • 1865. Cooley delegates responsibility for printers’ equipment sales to J.G. Cooley Jr.; continues pursuit of wood-type sales.19Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977).
  • c1866. Cooley hatches the plan of bartering type and printing equipment for newspaper advertising space.
  • 1867, 19 February.20Personal. In Dauchy & Company’s Newspaper Catalogue, January 1897.Cooley partners with hardware merchant S.T. Dauchy as Cooley & Dauchy at 75 Fulton Street, New York.21The General Advertising Agencies of N.Y. City. In Printers’ Ink 17:8, October 1896.·22Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
  • c1867. Two Lindsay TF catalogs are issued without imprint.23Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, pages 176 and 252. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
  • ≤1868. Following service in the US Civil War, Setchell joins Cooley & Dauchy.24Shields, D.: George Case Setchell. In Wood Type Research, December 2014.
  • 1868–1882. A.W. Lindsay is not listed in New York business nor residential directories.25Saxe, S.O. (1980): The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:14–15. During this period, he is associated with a TF in London.26Obituary, James Lindsay. In The New York Times, 03 September 1879.
  • 1868. Wood type becomes secondary to metal type “knock-offs” sold by Cooley & Dauchy.27 Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 129. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
  • 1869, Summer. After a fire during the winter destroys Cooley & Dauchy offices, Cooley retires. Page purchases the wood type; Dauchy, the warehouse and advertising agency.28The General Advertising Agencies of N.Y. City. In Printers’ Ink 17:8, October 1896.·29Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.). Did Page and Dauchy become partners (see 1872 catalog)?
  • 1869. S.T. Dauchy partners with brother Burr Dauchy to establish Dauchy & Co. at the corner of Gold and Fulton Streets.30The General Advertising Agencies of N.Y. City. In Printers’ Ink 17:8, October 1896.
  • ≤1870. A.W. Lindsay establishes a TF at 76 Park Place (see 1886).31Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 175. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
  • 1870. Two Lindsay TF catalogs are issued with conflicting imprints: “A.W. Lindsay Co.|76 Park Place” and “R. & J. and A.W. Lindsay, 75 Fulton Street.”32Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman,E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 176. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle,DE.
  • 1870, 01 October. Wm. H. Page & Co. (Greeneville, CT) issues a catalog.33Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 338. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
  • c1872. Catalog, Specimens of Printing Types from the Typefoundry of R. & J. & A.W. Lindsay.34Catalogue of the Books in the Library of the Typothetæ of the City of New York, page 81. Typothetæ at the De Vinne Press, 1896. Note that De Vinne’s account that A.W. Lindsay was an original partner of the Lindsay TF is inaccurate.
  • 1872. Dauchy & Co. issues a complete catalog of Page’s types.35Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 64. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
  • 1872, 01 August. Wm. H. Page & Co. (Greeneville, CT) issues a catalog, Wood Type, Manufactured by Wm. H. Page & Co.; preface signed by William Hamilton Page and Samuel Mowry.
  • 1873. Dauchy & Co. publishes Dauchy & Co’s Popular List of Newspapers in the State of New York, …. Wm. H. Page & Co. (Greeneville CT) issues a catalog.36Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 338. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
  • 1873±1878. Dauchy & Co. relocates to 191 Fulton Street, corner of Church Street.37The General Advertising Agencies of N.Y. City. In Printers’ Ink 17:8, October 1896.

Wm. H. Page & Co., 1874

  • 1874. Wm. H. Page & Co. (Greeneville CT) publishes Specimens of Chromatic Wood Type Borders. Typefounder named William Lindsay is listed at 65 Centre (Bronx?) by a New York business directory.38Saxe, S.O. (1980): The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:14–15.
  • 1876. Wm. H. Page & Co. issues catalog.39Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 338. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.) Samuel Mowry retires; Page relocates from Greeneville to Norwich, reorganizes as William H. Page Wood Type Company.40Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 44. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.).
  • 1878, 01 April. Page publishes catalog entitled Dauchy & Co. Specimens of Wood Type Manufactured by the Wm. H. Page Wood Type Co. confirming new addresses. 41 Image courtesy of The Wood Type Museum.
  • 1878, 24 September. Setchell applies for patent of Method of Making Wood Borders, assigned to Wm. H. Page Wood Type Company (see 1881).
  • ≤1879. Robert Lindsay-2 joins or replaces his father, James Lindsay, at the Bruce TF.
  • 1879, 02 September. Bruce TF partner James Lindsay dies.42Obituary, James Lindsay. In The New York Times, 03 September 1879.
  • 1879. Wm. H. Page Wood Type Company (Norwich, CT) issues Page‘s Wood Type Album.43Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 338. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
  • 1880. John Lindsay (age <60?) is no longer listed in New York business directories.44Saxe, S.O. (1980): The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:14–15. Perhaps he retired (see 1890).
  • 1181, 25 January. Setchell’s application for patent of Method of Making Wood Borders is approved [USPTO 237054].
  • 1881. Burr Dauchy retires from Dauchy & Co., purchases controlling interest of Lindsay TF45Illustrated New York|The Metropolis of To-Day (1888), page 106. International Publishing Company, New York. at 75 Fulton Street; George Lindsay is appointed Manager.46Sudden Death of George Lindsay. In The New York Times, 04 December 1902. Setchell becomes Partner/President, William H. Page & Co.47Shields, D.: George Case Setchell. In Wood Type Research, December 2014.
  • c1882. A.W. Lindsay returns to New York? (see ≤1872).48Saxe, S.O. (1980):The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:14–15.

No. 515: William H. Page, c1890. Patent for Die-Cut Process: George C. Setchell, 1887. Image courtesy of Unicorn Graphics.

  • 1882. Wm. H. Page Wood Type Company (108–116 Franklin Street•Norwich, CT) issues catalog.49Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 338. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
  • 1885. Robert A. Lindsay is employed by Lindsay TF.50Note and Comment. In The Typographical Journal, 22:129, February 1903.
  • 1886, <August. A.W. Lindsay TF listing in The Inland Printer Business Directory: 76 Park Place.
  • 1887, 19 March–20 December. Setchell patents Die for Making Wood Type and Method of Producing the Same, unassigned.
  • 1887, May–December. Page patents Method of Producing Dies for Use in Making Wood Type [USPTO 374993].
  • 1887. Page begins discussions with Hamilton & Baker (Two Rivers, WI) about acquisition of the William H. Page Wood Type Co. 51Shields, D.: George Case Setchell. In Wood Type Research, December 2014.

The Inland Printer Business Directory, October 1887

  • 1887, <October. As since the August 1886 edition of The Inland Printer Business Directory, A.W. Lindsay TF is distinguished from the original Lindsay TF. Lindsay TF is listed for the first time and no longer trades as R. & J. Lindsay). N.B. Address is 75 (not 175) Fulton Street. 1887. Dauchy & Co. Printers’ Warehouse and Advertisement Agency is located at 17 Park Place and 24–26 Murray Street (corner of Church).52The Citizen Banner (Wakefield MA), 21 April 1887.
  • 1888, 05 Janary. Page applies for patent of Die for Forming Wooden Type, assigned to William H. Page Wood Type Company (see 1889).
  • 1888. A.W. Lindsay issues 60-page Specimen Book of Printing Types from the Type Foundry of A.W. Lindsay. Robert Lindsay is listed in a New York business directory at 75 Fulton Street.53Saxe, S.O. (1980): The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:14–15. Lindsay TF advertises in Illustrated New York|The Metropolis of To-Day, reviewing its history, naming Robert Lindsay and Burr Dauchy as proprietors and boasting “extremely low prices.” Wm. H. Page Wood Type Company (108–116 Franklin Street•Norwich, CT) issues catalog.54Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 339. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)

By the mid-1890s, Dauchy & Co.’s Newspaper Catalog claimed long-established full creative services.55Ourselves. In Dauchy & Co.’s Newspaper Catalog, 1894–1895 Edition ©1891. Perhaps this explains why Lindsay TF decided to produce some “new” typefaces:

almahkatherinec1888. German immigrant Henry Brehmer designs the first of at least a dozen documented Lindsay typefaces.56Loy, W.E.: Designers and Engravers of Type. In The Inland Printer 24:243, November 1899. Although far from original, two were patented with assignment to Burr Dauchy:

Almah∗ [top], 1890 [USPTO D20192].
Katherine/Elizabeth,∗ 1889 [USPTO D20690].
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Almah∗ is a “naked knock-off” of the spectacularly fine-hatched Crayon∗ [left], which was designed and cut in ≤1885 and patented in February 1886 by Herman Ihlenburg with assignment to MacKellar, Smiths & Jordan [MSJ] (Philadelphia). Johnston and Saxe write that it was also distributed by Keystone TF (Philadelphia),57Johnston, A.M.; Saxe, S.O. (Editors): William E. Loy |Nineteenth-Century American Designers and Engravers of Type, page 117. Oak Knoll Books (New Castle, DE). which flaunted it as Crayonette∗.

Like the Lindsay|Dauchy allianceKeystone TF was owned by the N.W. Ayer & Son Advertising Agency (1869), which also owned the Mather Manufacturing Co., a printers’ supply business (1884),58Annenberg , M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, pages 167–171. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE. and bartered for newspaper space with type cast from pirated designs.59Bullen, H.L. [pen-name Quadrat] (1906-1908): Discursions of a Retired Printer. In The Inland Printer 8:357, December 1906. Thanks to investments raised by Rudolph Gnichwitz,60Correspondence•Philadelphia. In The American Bookmaker 6:68, March 1888. they branched into type production in 1888 with Gnichwitz as manager.

Gnichwitz had been superintendent of MSJ’s mechanical department from 1868 until early 1888.61Correspondence•Philadelphia. In The American Stationer 23:311, 18 February 1888 In November 1890, he applied for a design patent application of Crayonette Open∗ [USPTO D20417], an outline version intended for use with Crayonette∗ in chromatic separations. This face is clearly a derivative of an already patented derivative of a brilliant patented original. Even so, the affidavit brazenly claims original invention.62All patents, including design patents, are awarded only to Inventors or to Inventors of Record (who acquire the intellectual property from someone else). The usual legal language for a non-designer is “invented and produced,” meaning that the applicant invested in materializing the other person’s idea. Rights were assigned to the Mather Manufacturing Co.

In 1906, Bullen connected the dots:

“[Keystone TF’s] policy was to make type to exchange for advertising space. The type-faces of MacKellar, Smiths &
Jordan were appropriated, and it is only in recent years that this foundry has originated any styles of its own.”63Bullen, H.L. [pen-name Quadrat] (1906-1908): Discursions of a Retired Printer. In The Inland Printer 8:357, December 1906.

Katherine/Elizabeth.∗ The Lindsay TF advertised caps-only Katherine in the Inland Printer of May 1889. In the October edition, Barnhart Brothers & Spindler [BBS] proclaimed a dual-case version, Elizabeth. Both ads display identical “patent pending” notices citing Lindsay.

Katherine∗ was reviewed by The American Bookmaker of May1889.64New Faces of Type|Critically Described and Considered. In The American Bookmaker 8:121, May 1889. The columnist remarks, “Few established offices will see an advantage in possessing this series, as their place is already filled, and they serve simply as duplications of other and longer made kinds.”

Bullen’s 20/20 eye-witness hindsight recalls in 1906:

“Barnhart brothers were newspaper publishers in Iowa, after which they became advertising agents in Chicago.
They first handled type as a substitute for cash in payment for advertising.”65Bullen , H.L. [pen-name Quadrat] (1906-1908): Discursions of a Retired Printer. In The Inland Printer 8:354, December 1906.

Annenberg’s account adds that in 1868, Warren Barnhart moved from Independence, IA to Chicago and opened an advertising agency:

“During that period the sale of type was the medium of
exchange between advertising agencies and newspapers.66Annenberg , M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, pages 56–61. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE·67From 1878 until his death in 1897, BBS employed C.E. Heyer, who designed about half of the original faces introduced during its 61-year history.

Even so, Brehmer’s application for design patent of Elizabeth∗, finally submitted in March 1891 (nearly two years after publication of “pending” notices), was (promptly and mysteriously!) approved the following month.

  • 1889, 07 May. Page‘s application for patent of Die for Forming Wooden Type is approved [USPTO 402852] (see 1888).
  • 1889. Setchell sells shares of William H. Page Wood Type Co. to S.T. Dauchy.68Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 44. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977).
  • 1890, September 10. Robert Lindsay witnesses Brehmer’s patent affidavit for Almah=Crayonette.
  • 1890. Wm. H. Page Wood Type Company (108–116 Franklin Street•Norwich, CT) issues catalog of end-cut types.69Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 339. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.) Officers of William H. Page Wood Type Co.: S.T. Dauchy, President; Page, Treasurer.70Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 44. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.) D.W. Bruce retires; designates V.B. Munson, H.M. Hall71Munson had witnessed multiple applications for design patents since February 1872 [USPTO D5514]; Hall, since April [USPTO D5814]. There is no record of Robert Lindsay-2 doing so. and Robert Lindsay-2 as successors.72Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 82. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE. Lindsay TF catalog is imprinted “Lindsay Type Foundry and Robert Lindsay & Co.”73Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 176. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE. Had John Lindsay died (see 1880)?
  • <1891. Dauchy & Co. services include full creative development and electrotyping of finished ads for placement in periodicals.74Ourselves. In Dauchy & Co.’s Newspaper Catalog, 1894–1895 Edition ©1891.

The Inland Printer, July 1890
(Click for more information)

  • 1890, June. A.W. Lindsay denies rumors that his business has failed.75The Inland Printer 07:835/848, July 1890.
  • c1891. Lindsay TF issues Specimens of Printing Types Made by the Lindsay Type Foundry.76Bullen, H.L. (1934): Duplicates of the Specimen Books, etc., United States and Foreign, for sale by the Typographic Library and Museum of the American Typefounders Company, page 27. Frontier Publishing Co., San Diego 1972.
  • 1891, 22 August. Freak accident destroys A.W. Lindsay headquarters and adjacent buildings.77New York Disaster. In The Deseret Weekly 43:306–308, August 29, 1891. <November. He relocates at 82–84 Beekman Street, discontinues reference to Lindsay TF in The Inland Printer Business Directory.78Business Directory. In The Inland Printer 9:158, November 1891.
  • 1891. William H. Page Wood Type Company is sold to Hamilton Manufacturing Company (Two Rivers, WI).79Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 44. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.) Officers of William H. Page Wood Type Co.: S.T. Dauchy, President; Page, Treasurer.80Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 44. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
  • 1892, 08 February. ATF is incorporated; A.W. Lindsay is a “charter member.”81The American Typefounders’ Company. In The American Bookmaker 15:127, October 1892.·82American Typefounders’ Company. In The Inland Printer 10:150, November 1892.
  • 1895. Lindsay TF catalog is imprinted “Dauchy & Co.83Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 252. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE. Lindsay TF|Successors to R. & J. Lindsay and A.W. Lindsay advertises in The World Almanac and Book of Facts.84The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1895:15, Press Publishing Company (The New York World). Robert A. Lindsay takes charge of manufacturing at Lindsay TF.85Note and Comment. In The Typographical Journal, 22:129, February 1903.
  • 1895, 13 March. David W. Bruce dies;86The Inland Printer 15:61-62, April 1895. Robert-2 dies soon after.87Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 82. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
  • 1896. Printers’ Ink features Dauchy & Co.88The General Advertising Agencies of N.Y. City. In Printers’ Ink 17:8, October 1896. Lindsay TF trades as Robert Lindsay & Co.89Catalogue of the Books in the Library of the Typothetae of the City of New York, page 81. Typothetae at the DeVinne Press, 1896.
  • 1897. Lindsay TF advertises in Dauchy & Co.’s Newspaper Catalog.
  • 1901–1902. New York business directory lists Lindsay Type Foundry at 75 Fulton Street, “Robert Lindsay & Burr Dauchy.”90Polk’s (Trow’s) New York Copartnership and Corporation Directory, Boroughs of Manhattan and Bronx 50:298, March 1902. This is the last-known published reference to Robert Lindsay-1.

Jell-O Girl, 1904

  • 1902, 03 December. George Lindsay (age 73) dies at work; body discovered by nephew Robert [A.] Lindsay,91Sudden Death of George Lindsay. In The New York Times, 04 December 1902. son of “the late John Lindsay.”92Note and Comment. In The Typographical Journal, 22:129, February 1903.
  • ≤1903. Robert A. Lindsay becomes Manager, Lindsay TF.
  • 1903. B. Dauchy retires from Lindsay TF;93The New York Times | October 22, 1909. His son, H.W. Dauchy, replaces him94The General Advertising Agencies of N.Y. City. In Printers’ Ink 17:8, October 1896. and joins ATF.95Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 176. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle DE.
  • 1904. Dauchy & Co. introduces the “Jell-O Girl,” four-year-old Elizabeth King; her father, Franklin King, was an artist employed or commissioned by Dauchy & Co. This familiar product was then the property of Woodward’s Genesee Pure Food Company.96Renamed Jell-O Company in 1923; in 1925, Jell-O merged with Postum Cereal, Inc., which later become General Foods Corporation. Today Jell-O is owned and manufactured by Kraft/General Foods.
  • 1905, 02 July. S.T. Dauchy dies, age 72.97Death of S.T. Dauchy. In Printers’ Ink 52:27, September 1905.
  • 1906, 06±08 May. Page dies, age 77.98Obituary, William H. Page. In The Inland Printer, 37:575, July 1906.
  • 1909, 07 April. Cooley dies, age 90.
  • 1909, 21 October. B. Dauchy dies, age 72.99Obituaries. In The New York Times, 22 October 1909.
  • 1922. Jell-O producer Genessee Pure Food Company wins Honorable Mention in Art Directors’ Awards; Dauchy & Co. is named as agent.100Art Directors’ Awards. In Bulletin of the Art Center, New York 1:62, November 1922.
  • 1930. Last verified existence of Dauchy Co. Perhaps like so many other businesses, it failed after the stock market crash of 1929?

For the Record…

A.W. Lindsay address near Dauchy & Co.
Separated by a decade or so.
May be significant anyway.
NY Tribune coincidence?

GoudyLeaf-LeftRelated Pages

Lindsay|Dauchy|Wood-Type Connections
Obituary, William H. Page

Dauchy & Co.
Lindsay Type Foundries
Design Piracy
Pre-ATF Price Wars

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1. Connecticut [CT] is a US state located southeast of the City of New York. Locations of referenced wood type factories were convenient to the Lindsay and Dauchy offices in the New York financial district.
2. Saxe, S.O.: The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:8, 1980.
3. Annenberg , M.; Saxe , S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 82. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
4. Note and Comment In The Typographical Journal 22:129, February 1903.
5. Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 175. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
6. De Vinne, T.L. (1899-1902): The Practice Of Typography|A Treatise on the Processes of Type-making, the Point System, the Names, Sizes, Styles and Prices of Plain Printing Types (Second Edition), page 105. The Century Co., New York.
7. Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 176. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
8. Sudden Death of George Lindsay. In The New York Times, 04 December 1902.
9. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, pages 39 and 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
10. Loy, W.E. (1898–1900): Designers and Engravers of Type. In <ahref=”http://forums.typeheritage.com/topic/inland-printer/”>The Inland Printer</a> 22:259, February1899.
11. Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O.[Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 175. Oak Knoll Press,New Castle, DE.
12. Loy, W.E. (1898–1900): Designers and Engravers of Type. In <ahref=”http://forums.typeheritage.com/topic/inland-printer/”>The Inland Printer</a> 22:579, February 1899.
13. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./VanNostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977).
14. Saxe, S.O.(1980): The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History2:14–15
15. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
16. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977).
17. Saxe, S.O. (1980): The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:14–15.
18. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
19. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977).
20. Personal. In Dauchy & Company’s Newspaper Catalogue, January 1897.
21. The General Advertising Agencies of N.Y. City. In Printers’ Ink 17:8, October 1896.
22. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
23. Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, pages 176 and 252. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
24. Shields, D.: George Case Setchell. In Wood Type Research, December 2014.
25. Saxe, S.O. (1980): The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:14–15.
26. Obituary, James Lindsay. In The New York Times, 03 September 1879.
27. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 129. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
28. The General Advertising Agencies of N.Y. City. In Printers’ Ink 17:8, October 1896.
29. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 42. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
30. The General Advertising Agencies of N.Y. City. In Printers’ Ink 17:8, October 1896.
31. Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 175. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
32. Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman,E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 176. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle,DE.
33. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 338. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
34. Catalogue of the Books in the Library of the Typothetæ of the City of New York, page 81. Typothetæ at the De Vinne Press, 1896. Note that De Vinne’s account that A.W. Lindsay was an original partner of the Lindsay TF is inaccurate.
35. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 64. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
36. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 338. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
37. The General Advertising Agencies of N.Y. City. In Printers’ Ink 17:8, October 1896.
38. Saxe, S.O. (1980): The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:14–15.
39. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 338. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
40. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 44. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.).
41. Image courtesy of The Wood Type Museum.
42. Obituary, James Lindsay. In The New York Times, 03 September 1879.
43. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 338. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
44. Saxe, S.O. (1980): The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:14–15.
45. Illustrated New York|The Metropolis of To-Day (1888), page 106. International Publishing Company, New York.
46. Sudden Death of George Lindsay. In The New York Times, 04 December 1902.
47. Shields, D.: George Case Setchell. In Wood Type Research, December 2014.
48. Saxe, S.O. (1980):The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:14–15.
49. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 338. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
50. Note and Comment. In The Typographical Journal, 22:129, February 1903.
51. Shields, D.: George Case Setchell. In Wood Type Research, December 2014.
52. The Citizen Banner (Wakefield MA), 21 April 1887.
53. Saxe, S.O. (1980): The Type Founders of New York City, 1840–1900. In Printing History 2:14–15.
54. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 339. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
55. Ourselves. In Dauchy & Co.’s Newspaper Catalog, 1894–1895 Edition ©1891.
56. Loy, W.E.: Designers and Engravers of Type. In The Inland Printer 24:243, November 1899.
57. Johnston, A.M.; Saxe, S.O. (Editors): William E. Loy |Nineteenth-Century American Designers and Engravers of Type, page 117. Oak Knoll Books (New Castle, DE).
58. Annenberg , M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, pages 167–171. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
59. Bullen, H.L. [pen-name Quadrat] (1906-1908): Discursions of a Retired Printer. In The Inland Printer 8:357, December 1906.
60. Correspondence•Philadelphia. In The American Bookmaker 6:68, March 1888.
61. Correspondence•Philadelphia. In The American Stationer 23:311, 18 February 1888
62. All patents, including design patents, are awarded only to Inventors or to Inventors of Record (who acquire the intellectual property from someone else). The usual legal language for a non-designer is “invented and produced,” meaning that the applicant invested in materializing the other person’s idea.
63. Bullen, H.L. [pen-name Quadrat] (1906-1908): Discursions of a Retired Printer. In The Inland Printer 8:357, December 1906.
64. New Faces of Type|Critically Described and Considered. In The American Bookmaker 8:121, May 1889.
65. Bullen , H.L. [pen-name Quadrat] (1906-1908): Discursions of a Retired Printer. In The Inland Printer 8:354, December 1906.
66. Annenberg , M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, pages 56–61. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE
67. From 1878 until his death in 1897, BBS employed C.E. Heyer, who designed about half of the original faces introduced during its 61-year history.
68. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 44. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977).
69. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 339. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
70. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 44. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
71. Munson had witnessed multiple applications for design patents since February 1872 [USPTO D5514]; Hall, since April [USPTO D5814]. There is no record of Robert Lindsay-2 doing so.
72. Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 82. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
73. Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 176. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
74. Ourselves. In Dauchy & Co.’s Newspaper Catalog, 1894–1895 Edition ©1891.
75. The Inland Printer 07:835/848, July 1890.
76. Bullen, H.L. (1934): Duplicates of the Specimen Books, etc., United States and Foreign, for sale by the Typographic Library and Museum of the American Typefounders Company, page 27. Frontier Publishing Co., San Diego 1972.
77. New York Disaster. In The Deseret Weekly 43:306–308, August 29, 1891.
78. Business Directory. In The Inland Printer 9:158, November 1891.
79. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 44. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
80. Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 44. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977.)
81. The American Typefounders’ Company. In The American Bookmaker 15:127, October 1892.
82. American Typefounders’ Company. In The Inland Printer 10:150, November 1892.
83. Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 252. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
84. The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1895:15, Press Publishing Company (The New York World).
85. Note and Comment. In The Typographical Journal, 22:129, February 1903.
86. The Inland Printer 15:61-62, April 1895.
87. Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 82. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
88. The General Advertising Agencies of N.Y. City. In Printers’ Ink 17:8, October 1896.
89. Catalogue of the Books in the Library of the Typothetae of the City of New York, page 81. Typothetae at the DeVinne Press, 1896.
90. Polk’s (Trow’s) New York Copartnership and Corporation Directory, Boroughs of Manhattan and Bronx 50:298, March 1902.
91. Sudden Death of George Lindsay. In The New York Times, 04 December 1902.
92. Note and Comment. In The Typographical Journal, 22:129, February 1903.
93. The New York Times | October 22, 1909.
94. The General Advertising Agencies of N.Y. City. In Printers’ Ink 17:8, October 1896.
95. Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs, page 176. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle DE.
96. Renamed Jell-O Company in 1923; in 1925, Jell-O merged with Postum Cereal, Inc., which later become General Foods Corporation. Today Jell-O is owned and manufactured by Kraft/General Foods.
97. Death of S.T. Dauchy. In Printers’ Ink 52:27, September 1905.
98. Obituary, William H. Page. In The Inland Printer, 37:575, July 1906.
99. Obituaries. In The New York Times, 22 October 1909.
100. Art Directors’ Awards. In Bulletin of the Art Center, New York 1:62, November 1922.