Criterion/Modoc

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June 1, 2014 at 7:10 AM #10263

Anna

Criterion/ModocJohn Graham [b 1851], an alum of MacKellar, Smiths & Jordan (1870–1882), heeded the famous advice of Horace Greely to “Go west, young man.” In 1882, he relocated from Philadelphia to Chicago,¹ then a bustling city on the US frontier.

There he designed, cut and patented Modoc [thumbnail] in June–August (12) 1884. He assigned the rights to Marder, Luse & Co. (AKA The Chicago TF) [USPTO D15237].

The specimen of a lightface derivative, Criterion,shown in the 1889 Marder Luse catalog displays a notice claiming, “Held by US Patent Office to be covered by patent of August 12, 1884.”

While many of the caps are distinctive, the two faces share nearly identical lower-case letterforms plus plenty of fun extras like alternates, ornaments and catchwords. Perhaps a clever revival developer could integrate these two faces as regular and bold family members?

Preliminary Specimensflickr imagesWorking Specimens

Patent Exhibit and Affidavit
Criterion, Marder Luse 1889
Criterion, Marder Luse 1890
Modoc, Marder Luse 1889
Modoc, Marder Luse 1890
Criterion and Modoc, high-Resolution scans of specimens excerpted from Marder Luse 1890
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¹Loy, W.E. (1898–1900): Designers and Engravers of Type. In The Inland Printer, September 1899.


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