John Graham [b 1851], an alum of MacKellar, Smiths & Jordan (1870–1882), heeded the famous advice of Horace Greely to “Go west, young man.” In 1882, he relocated from Philadelphia to Chicago,¹ then a bustling city on the US frontier.
There he designed, cut and patentedModoc [thumbnail] in June–August (12) 1884. He assigned the rights to Marder, Luse & Co. (AKA The Chicago TF) [USPTO D15237].
The specimen of a lightface derivative, Criterion,shown in the 1889 Marder Luse catalog displays a notice claiming, “Held by US Patent Office to be covered by patent of August 12, 1884.”
While many of the caps are distinctive, the two faces share nearly identical lower-case letterforms plus plenty of fun extras like alternates, ornaments and catchwords. Perhaps a clever revival developer could integrate these two faces as regular and boldfamily members?