Ernst Lauschke

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April 23, 2014 at 1:08 AM #8451

Anna

∗ Digital revival complete or in progress by a THP Partner.
# Other digital revival available.

The prolific Mr. Lauschke, a German immigrant, assigned 13 design patents to the Barnhart brothers Arthur and Alson or to the BBS corporation (Chicago) in 1886–1889; in collaboration with Julius Schmohl,¹ an additional nine in 1890–1897.

US (patent, immigration/naturalization, military, census) and Illinois state (birth, marriage, death) records yield the following information about him…

He was born in 1862 or 1863, Prussia
His occupation in Germany was “Engineer”²
At age 22, he arrived in the US on the Suevia from Hamburg/Havre on September 15, 1884
He applied for his first US design patent in January 1886 (BBS Pansy, more below)
He became a US citizen on October 25, 1893³
He married Lizzie Schmohl,¹ (presumably) before 1895
They had at least one child, Ernst Otto Lauschke [1895–1978]
They may also have had a daughter named Ella [b c1897], with whom he lived in 1940 (Chicago)
He (or son E.O. Lauschke) may have been injured in World War I, 1914–1917
Lizzie Schmohl/Elizabeth Lauschke¹ died in 1940 or 1941 (Cook County, IL)
He died in 1951 (Cook County, IL)
____

Patent application dates of typefaces designed by Lauschke and assigned to BBS. With one exception (Cellini, Keystone TF 1890), no approved design patent applications submitted by him were assigned to others.

1886, Pansy
1887, Asteroid#
1887, Brevet#
1887, Dotted
1887, Jumbo
1887, Spenser
1888, Cabinet
1888, Cadence∗
1888, Dormer=Pekin#
1888, Yale
1889, Freak=Bamboo#
1889, Dangerfield
1889, Huron

Patent application dates of typefaces designed by Lauschke and Julius Schmohl assigned to BBS or Keystone TF (Philadelphia):

1889, Empire
1889, Dearborn Initials
1890, Racine#
1890, Cellini (Mather Manufacturing Company/Keystone TF)
1890-1891, Worth
1890-1895, De Vinne Compressed and bold derivative
1891, Argus
1891, Moorish
1897, Pisa
____

¹Note that the surname/maiden name “Schmohl” is the same; perhaps Julius and Lizzie/Elizabeth were siblings?
²More likely engraver, if the abbreviation “eng” was mis-interpreted.
³US Naturalization Record Indexes indicate that he became a US citizen in 1893, which conflicts with US patent affidavits. This discrepancy may be due to a “clerical error” by staff of the BBS attorney of record since c1886:

  • In 1886–1889, design patent applications read inconsistently that Lauschke was “a citizen of the United States” or “a subject of the Emperor of Germany.”

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