Ernst Lauschke

Welcome! Forums Research Type Designers Ernst Lauschke

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April 23, 2014 at 1:08 AM #8451

Anna

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The prolific Mr. Lauschke, a German immigrant, assigned 13 design patents to the Barnhart brothers Arthur and Alson or to the Barnhart Brothers & Spindler [BBS] corporation (Chicago) in 1886–1889; in collaboration with Julius Schmohl,¹ an additional nine in 1890–1897.

US (patent, immigration/naturalization, military, census) and Illinois state (birth, marriage, death) records yield the following information about him…

  • He was born in 1862 or 1863, Prussia.
  • His occupation in Germany was “Engineer.” More likely, the abbreviation “eng” was mis-interpreted and really meant engraver.
  • At age 22, he arrived in the US on the Suevia from Hamburg/Havre on 15 September 1884.
  • He applied for his first US design patent in January 1886 (BBS Pansy, more below).
  • He became a US citizen on 25 October 1893.³
  • He married Lizzie Schmohl,¹ presumably before 1895.
  • They had at least one child, Ernst Otto Lauschke [1895–1978].
  • They may also have had a daughter named Ella [b c1897], with whom he lived in 1940 (Chicago).
  • He (or son E.O. Lauschke) may have been injured in World War I, 1914–1917.
  • Lizzie Schmohl/Elizabeth Lauschke¹ died in 1940 or 1941 (Cook County, IL).
  • He died in 1951 (Cook County, IL)

Patent application dates of typefaces designed by Lauschke and assigned to BBS. With one exception (Cellini, Keystone TF 1890), no approved design patent applications submitted by him were assigned to others.

Patent application dates of typefaces designed by Lauschke and Julius Schmohl assigned to BBS or to Mather Manufacturing Company/Keystone TF (Philadelphia):

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¹Note that the surname/maiden name “Schmohl” is the same; perhaps Julius and Lizzie/Elizabeth were siblings?
²US Naturalization Record Indexes indicate that he became a US citizen in 1893, which conflicts with US patent affidavits. This discrepancy may be due to a “clerical error” by staff of the BBS attorney of record since c1886:

In 1886–1889, design patent applications inconsistently read that Lauschke was “a citizen of the United States” or “a subject of the Emperor of Germany.”


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