The literature offers little information about this rare, ultra-curly tuscan. In chronological order of the earliest (numbered or unidentified) specimens personally examined or reported by Nicolette Gray, it was shown by:
1847, Hænel (Berlin). The text of one of these specimens includes the word “Marengo,” a suitably exotic working title. As reported by F. Bauer, Hænel’s romans were routinely imported from Great Britain and France.¹
1849, “German” (Gray).²
1851, [Elihu] White (New York).³ The White TF (1804) was the “grand-father” of multiple US TFs: Cincinnati (OH, 1817); Boston (MA, 1817); Buffalo (NY, 1835). It was acquired by Messrs. Farmer and Little in 1862.⁴
1855, Corbaz et Rouiller Fils (Paris). These men were printers, so their specimens were intended to impress clientele with their resources rather than to sell type.
1856, Boston TF.
1857, Cincinnati TF. This TF acquired design patents for a several ornament fonts and is credited with originating very few alpha-numeric ones. During this period, it was primarily a distributor of White’s wares.
1860, W. Hagar (New York).
1863, Austin|Wood & Sharwoods (Gray).²
Conclusion. Except for Corbaz & Rouiller Fils (4), all concerned imported the face from a French TF (or copied it). Since digital specimens issued by the Deberny side of the Deberny & Peignot “family tree” are extremely scarce, one suspects that the design originated during the Alexandre De Berny generation [1840–1877].
This letterpress typeface has not been digitally archived for posterity. Can someone provide a pre-digital tradename for it? The nearest approximation so far is Boston TF’s Ornamented No. 28.
¹Bauer, Friedrich (Offenbach 1929); Reichardt, Hans (Frankfurt 2011): Chronik der Schriftgießereien in Deutschland und den deutschsprachigen Nachbarländern.Courtesy of the Klingspor Museum.
²Gray, N. (1938): XIXth Century Ornamented Types and Title Pages, page 201. Faber and Faber Limited, London.
³Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 202. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977).
⁴Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editors]; Lieberman, E.K. [Index](1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
⁵Kelly, R.R. (1977): American Wood Type, 1828–1900|Notes on the Evolution of Decorated and Large Types, page 210. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc./Van Nostrand Reinhold Company (New York 1969). Reprinted by DaCapo Press, Inc. (New York 1977).